Pakistan has been hosting Afghan Refugees almost from 40 years, since 1983 when Durand line were recognized as the border among Afghanistan and Pakistan, when thousands of people were displaced. Recent post-Taliban regime are having cycles of conflict and for centuries it has been recognized as conflicted state with having trans-ethnic population. To address the concerns of 100,000 urban Afghan Refugees who had arrived last month in Pakistan with valid visas are welcomed on humanitarian concern. But the essential humanitarian tool for their protection that provides them faster and safer access with containing actions based on the priority is actually a global responsibility that needs to be considered by the networks of information to make countries safer from deep economic crises. These influxes will also cause lower economic activity in our country, as few studies also acknowledged that this phenomenon significantly produced human capital, international aid and economic assistance. In a new country with very few resources and limited language skills are relying on assistance and other expenses and their resettlement cost may be worse off without appropriate planning. At this hour of need our government and agencies are unable to draw some holistic policies towards these refugees’ inflows. Pakistan has been facing an unequal impact of macroeconomic fluctuations those would result inter-community and intra-community inequalities in terms of income and consumption. While observing economic and political ties the real scenario towards refugee crises requires an inclusive policy planning concerning mobilization of these population groups in the development of National Plan. Through systematic studies to mitigate welfare cost for contributing towards economic performance could help to step up policies and slow down the adverse consequences of refugees on economic growth.
Despite of the security situation in Pakistan this recent influx is tackling with unpleasant experiences due to inhospitable behavior of local communities and lack of policy facilitation by the government. This high discourse of humanitarian crises resulted in increasing number of social evils in the host communities, although refugees are the peaceful people where as host communities’ demands for their national identity and basic financial facilitation by the government and working authorities so they could able to contribute in a positive manner. These suggestions from the host communities needs to be implemented and also requires amendments in national and global policies. Overall weakness in the data of vast majority of refugees aims to address the legal, humanitarian and economic policies that would consider a development policy in the right circumstances.
Other dimensions in this regard are humanitarian aid for survival and assistance that is preferably distributed among the humanitarian organizations. These assistance programs implemented by the local organizations in Pakistan and proved itself an active agent for survivors of adversity. These humanitarian right based assistance actually goes beyond private charity and is considered best mechanism for researched refugee’s data with monitoring and evaluation mechanism. Most of the time local communities are having less resources to cater the refugees. In this scenario these local organizations of humanitarian workers and refugees are engaged in an asymmetrical relationship of accountability. Moreover, events those are uniquely stressful and required attention without any discrimination in a variety of context are remained under research considerations. So to identify the sectoral performance of host country and forecasting consequences such as cultural social, political and institutional could be further explored with cooperation of government and local NGO’s irrespective of their different mandate and constraints. This partnership for critical scale leverage the support to innovation and enhance accountability in delivery of data system. It is also very important to minimize the risk of individual actors those who directly observe the phenomenon and its expansion within the host country. Whereas long term sustainability and success is not always absolutely critical, and somehow genuine collaborations could unlock the opportunities to scale.